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APA

Learn how to create a paper and source citations in APA 7th edition.

APA Citation Style 7th Edition

American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in science and social science courses, such as Nursing, Psychology, Education, and Social Work.

This guide is based on the APA Manual (7th ed.), published in October 2019.

Printable QuickGuide & Sample Paper

Why Cite Your Sources?

Why bother with citation? Check out this Academic Integrity Guide for a quick introduction!

In all types of research and scholarly writing, it is important to cite your sources in order to:

  • Help readers identify and locate the source you used.

Readers may want to locate the source you have cited, to verify the information or to learn more about the topic. A proper citation includes all of the information for readers to locate the source.

  • Provide evidence that your position is well-researched.

Scholarly writing is grounded in research. Citations strengthen your argument by demonstrating that your position is thoroughly researched.

  • Give credit to the author of ideas which are not your own, and thereby avoid plagiarism.

Giving proper credit to those whose ideas, words, and thoughts you use is not only respectful to those authors, but also helps you avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense, usually consisting of "the submission by a student of the writings, ideas or data of another individual as the student’s own in any essay or assignment. Avoid the consequences of plagiarism by giving proper references to your sources” (from the Red Deer College Academic Terminology Glossary).

Helpful Tools

Citation Tools

These tools are useful, but aren't always completely accurate. Make sure to check the citations they create against the correct format for the type of source you're using.

Get the EasyBib add-on for Google Docs:

Citations from Databases

  • Nearly all of the UCC Library databases will provide you with instant citations in MLA and APA format for articles, books, and video.
  • When you find an item in the database, look for a link to get the citation.
  • Any questions? Ask us!

Guide Attribution

This guide is was adapted from the APA Citation Style 7th Edition guide by Red Deer College Library.

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Except where otherwise noted, content in these research guides is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Creative Commons Attribution License