American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in science and social science courses, such as Nursing, Psychology, Education, and Social Work.
This guide is based on the APA Manual (7th ed.), published in October 2019.
In all types of research and scholarly writing, it is important to cite your sources in order to:
Readers may want to locate the source you have cited, to verify the information or to learn more about the topic. A proper citation includes all of the information for readers to locate the source.
Scholarly writing is grounded in research. Citations strengthen your argument by demonstrating that your position is thoroughly researched.
Giving proper credit to those whose ideas, words, and thoughts you use is not only respectful to those authors, but also helps you avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense, usually consisting of "the submission by a student of the writings, ideas or data of another individual as the student’s own in any essay or assignment. Avoid the consequences of plagiarism by giving proper references to your sources” (from the Red Deer College Academic Terminology Glossary).
These tools are useful, but aren't always completely accurate. Make sure to check the citations they create against the correct format for the type of source you're using.
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Except where otherwise noted, content in these research guides is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.